Today, December 3, 2019 is the International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD).
The yearly observance of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD) was proclaimed in 1992 by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 47/3. It aims to increase awareness about people with disabilities and to promote their rights and well-being in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), disability is defined as any state of the body or mind that limits activities and the ability to interact with the surrounding world.
Some kinds of disabilities affect:
- Mental health
- Social relationships
Disability has Three Dimensions
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), disability has three dimensions:
Impairment is like the loss of a limb, loss of mental function, loss of vision or memory loss.
Activity limitations are problems with seeing, hearing, walking or problem solving.
Participating restrictions in normal everyday activities like working, taking part in social and recreational activities and receiving health care and preventive services.
Six Types of Functional Disability
Six types of functional disability found in the American Community Survey were:
- Cognitive disabilities are finding concentrating very difficult, problems with memory and difficulty in making decisions
- Hearing difficulties or deafness
- Mobility difficulties with walking or climbing stairs
- Vision problems or blindness
- Self-care like difficulties with dressing or bathing
- Independent living like finding it difficult to do errands alone
One in Four American Adults has a Disability
According to the CDC, nearly one in four or about 61 million Americans are disabled. Worldwide more than one billion people are disabled.
Mobility is the most Common Disability among American Seniors
According to the Census Bureau, nearly 40% of American seniors have at least one disability. Mobility is the most common disability among American seniors age 65 or older. Two-thirds of seniors (about 15.7 million people) said they had difficulty walking or climbing.
The second most common disability is difficulty living independently such as shopping or going to a doctor’s appointment.
Other Disabilities among Seniors
Other disabilities among seniors are difficulty hearing, cognitive problems, difficulty bathing or dressing and serious problems with vision.
Leading Causes of Disability in Seniors
According to a report by the CDC the three leading causes of disability in seniors are:
- Arthritis or Rheumatism affects about 8.6 million older adults
- Back and spine problems affect about 7. 6 million seniors
- Heart problems affect about 3 million seniors.
Older Americans with a Disability
Older Americans with a Disability: 2008-2012 is a report that was compiled from data collected during the American Community Survey that discovered the following:
- More than half (54.4%) of seniors who were not high school graduates had a disability. This was twice the rate of the 26% who had a bachelor’s degree or more from a university.
- More than a third of seniors age 85 and older who had a disability lived alone.
- About 13% of the senior household population with a disability lived in poverty, whereas 7% who did not have a disability lived in poverty.
- While seniors age 85 and older were 13.6% of the total senior population, they accounted for 25.4% of seniors with a disability.
- Senior women age 65 and older were more likely than men of the same age to have five of the six types of disability listed in the American Community Survey. They were especially prone to mobility problems.
- Senior men were more likely to have hearing disabilities, as men may have worked in industries that caused noise-induced hearing loss.
- Married seniors had lower disability rates than those who were widowed or in other types of marital status.
Disabilities and Short-term Rehabilitation or Long-term Skilled Nursing Care
If you or your loved one have disabilities, there may be a need for short-term rehabilitation or long-term skilled nursing care.
The Park Crescent Healthcare and Rehabilitation in East Orange, New Jersey
The Park Crescent Healthcare and Rehabilitation Center located in East Orange NJ, is considered the premier center for short term post-acute rehabilitation and sub-acute care in the area, as well as long term skilled nursing care.
It certainly is important to raise awareness about disabilities especially in the senior population.